UNODC’s report on human traffic in India.
United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime has recently published a report entitled ‘Current Status of Victim ServiThe report is the result of consultations with officers of anti-human trafficking units, key ministries and civil society, as well as government and NGO-run victim shelter homes.
It also provides a brief situational analysis of 13 forms of human trafficking, such as trafficking for organs, forced marriages and adoption rackets, and highlights broad trends across the country. The report, made possible with support from the European Union, details initiatives taken by the national, as well as 21 state-level governments in India, to counter trafficking.
Significant part of the document concerns the issue of child trafficking. There is an increasing trend of migration and trafficking of children for labour in different parts of the country. Compelled by the socio-economic conditions, a large number of children are migrating from economically backward areas to big cities for work. In many of these cases, children are being trafficked by middle men and agents who are bringing them to the employers in the city by extending meagre advances to the parents and giving false assurances of lucrative jobs etc. These children work under highly exploitative situations such as very long working hours, paltry wages, unhygienic and most difficult working conditions. Such children mostly work in industries like zari making (gold thread work), jewellery units, domestic help, dhabas (local highway restaurants), tea stalls, etc. Very often, they are kept within the confines of the work places and therefore, lack any kind of freedom and are vulnerable to abuse. There are instances of migration or trafficking of children for labour from neighbouring countries like Nepal and Bangladesh. So far away from their families, these children are highly vulnerable to all kinds of abuse, including physical and sexual abuse.
Another problematic issue relates to the trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation, which is on the increase nowadays. West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Odisha continue to be the high source areas in India for the purpose of trafficking to the red light areas across India. The missing girls’ data in these states continue to be very high. With modernization, the commercial sexual exploitation of women and children for the purpose of prostitution has undergone a change. The red light areas have continued to be prostitution dens but the business has expanded out of the red light areas and has become much more organised by providing services on demand. The operators of the sex trade have expanded their business and have started operating from residential colonies, market places, malls etc., in the garb of friendship clubs, escort services, massage parlours, spa, dance bars, beer bars etc. This has helped the traffickers to earn maximum money and also get access to high paying customers.
Many women and girls are being brought not only form different parts of India, but also from Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Chechnya and Kyrgyzstan.
The rackets are also procuring victims from Nepal, Thailand, Malaysia etc.
To get more information and read the report, go to the UNODC’s official website: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2013/July/india_-new-assessment-of-victim-assistance-and-criminal-justice-initiatives-against-human-trafficking.html